Paper ID: 61
CASHEW : CONTRIBUTION TO THE HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY AND CARBON STOCK (CASE STUDY IN WONOGIRI DISTRICT)
Bambang Pujiasmanto1), Eko Murniyanto2) and Endang Siti Rahayu3)
1) Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia
2) Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesia
3) Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia
Wonogiri Regency is a cashew crop center in Central Java. Cashew is planted in dry land at an elevation of 100 to 400 m above sea level with a monoculture and multicultural pattern. Cashew plants are cultivated as people plantations, planted regularly on each plot or as a fence on the ownership limits of dry land, plots and mounds. Cashew plants are evegreen, have tight canopy with sympodial branching patterns, flowering all the time so they can cover the surface of the soil. Such plant patterns provide acceptance for households and protect the environment. Research to reveal the contribution of household income, land cover rates and carbon stocks has been carried out by survey methods. Data collection techniques were carried out by interviewing the head of the household and the measurement of cashew land. The results showed that B / C ratio > 1 and increased with age of the plant, it contributed to the acceptance of household income. Canopy cover and carbon stock increase every year so that it is beneficial to maintain soil fertility.