Paper ID: 113
AGRICULTURAL SUSTAINABILITY AND WOMEN: AN ANALYSIS
Dr. Diganta Biswas
Secretary of Post Graduate Council, Raiganj Universty, Raiganj, WB, India, Pin- 733134.
Agricultural sustainability has been a great issue to discuss. Sustainable agriculture is at the heart of the 2030 Agenda and first fundamental step to securing zero hunger. Sustainability in agriculture is considered from three dimensions of sustainability: economic, social and environmental (The 2030, Sustainable Development Goal Agenda, 2030 indicator 2.4.1.). Interestingly, in the agricultural sector a large number of women are engaged worldwide. In India, feminisation of agriculture has been a recognized phenomenon. They have been playing a very important role in the entire process from sowing the seeds to cutting of crops. Unfortunately, when we look at this section of supplier of food, it is quite understandable that they are suffering due to several reasons e.g.- domestic violence, deprivation of the right to property, uneven distribution of household works as their male counterpart mostly found reluctant to shoulder the responsibility. Apart from these stumbling blots at home, in the fields also they are subjected to great number of discriminations starting from inequal remuneration for works, sexual harassments, lack of institutional support and safety nets, non- availability of Kisan Credit Card, lack of training facilities, reluctance to maternity issues (incidents of removal of uterus of some of the women farmers in Maharastra in recent times) and so on. Keeping these things in mind, it may be clearly stated that unless adequate safety arrangements are made for women farmers in India, particularly when feminisation of agriculture has become a prominent picture in India, it is very difficult to achieve Agricultural sustainability. Hence, this paper aims to explore the relationship between the Agricultural sustainability and women and secondly, will find out the ways how this problem may be resolved.