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Paper ID: 199

Utilization of Household Waste As a Supporter of Sensory Coordination Interventions for Early Childhood Down Syndrome

Ercilia Rini Octavia1 and Muhizam Mustafa2

1 Faculty of Art and Design, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

2School of The Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang Malaysia


Parenting in the family affects the child’s development in terms of sensory, motor, and social abilities. It is possible for children who look normal and intelligent, but in fact experience obstacles in sensory development which later affect the optimization of their growth and development. Some parts that tend to be underdeveloped in children are coordination (physical movement), mental (behavior), perception, and response (motor which is directly related to sensory). Especially in children with Down syndrome, delays in handling can make children tend to fail in carrying out their developmental tasks, Down syndrome children are children who have genetic disorders since they were born due to errors in cell division (non-disjunction). Embryos that produce more than two copies of chromosome 21, where in Down syndrome children there are three copies of chromosomes, as a result the child has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46. These conditions make the growth and development of children with Down syndrome experience delays so that their sensory skills need to be trained from an early age (3-5 years). The price of learning media equipment for sensory-motor training is not cheap and not easy to find, making household waste an alternative media/intervention tool to train the sensory-motor coordination. This study uses a descriptive qualitative approach with data collection techniques in the form of observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of this study are expected to be an alternative learning media that improves the motor skills of children with Down syndrome so that it helps their ability to communicate with others.

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