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Paper ID: 205

Optimisation of Yield on Peanut-Sorghum Intercropping in Dry Land, North Lombok

A Zubaidi, D R Anugrahwati, H Suheri, Suwardji, and I K D Jaya

Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Mataram, Indonesia


As a source of carbohydrates, sorghum can be used as an alternative for food diversification. To introduce more sorghum is by intercropping with peanut without reducing the production of this main crop. This experiment aims to determine the pattern of plant arrangement and the best planting time in the peanut-sorghum intercropping system; indicated by the best growth and yield on peanut and sorghum plants.The experiment was conducted in Genggelang Village, Gangga, North Lombok by using a factorial randomized block design with 2 treatment factors, sowing time and plant arrangement. Sowing time of peanuts was carried out 14 days before, at the same time and 14 days after sorghum, while plant arrangement consisted of: intercropping of 1 row of sorghum on 1 row of peanuts, 2 rows of peanuts, 3 rows of peanuts, and 4 rows of peanuts; Overall, this experiment consisted of 12 treatment plots, replicated 3 times, so there were 36 experimental plots. The results show that sowing peanut before sowing sorghum gave the highest yield of peanut and sorghum. Plant arrangement with 1 row of sorghum in every 4 rows of peanuts showed the best yield in this peanut –sorghum intercropping.

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