Paper ID: 39
Effect of iaa and bap concentrations on the growth of matoa (Pometia pinnata) plants in vitro
1 Lecturer of Agrotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
2 Undergraduate Program in Agrotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
The matoa plant is indigenous to Papua. The matoa plant has been used for a variety of purposes by the community. The matoa stem can be used in the wood industry, the fruit can be eaten, and the leaf can be used as medicine. Matoa plants are not commonly cultivated. This is due to seed storage and plant propagation constraints. This study aims study the effect of IAA and BAP concentrations matoa plant growth in MS media. The research utilizing 16 treatment combinations and three replications. The first factor is IAA concentration (0 ppm; 0.5 ppm; 1 ppm; 1.5 ppm). The concentration of BAP is the second factor (0 ppm; 2 ppm; 4 ppm; 6 ppm). The variables observed included root emergence time, leaf emergence time, root number, and leaf number. The result showed that 1.5 ppm IAA accelerated root growth time, 2.250 DAP, and IAA 1 ppm produced the highest number of roots, 4.50 roots. The interaction of 0.5 ppm IAA and 4 ppm BAP was able to accelerate the time of emergence of matoa leaves, namely 2 DAP and 1.5 ppm IAA and 6 ppm BAP had the most leaves, namely 18.33 leaves.