Paper ID: 86
Disease incidence of fusarium wilt in organic garlic cultivation with compost plus Gliocladium on endemic land
1Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(UNS) in Surakarta, Indonesia
2Magister Program of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret
(UNS) in Surakarta Indonesia
3Doctoral Program of Agriculture Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS) in Surakarta Indonesia
Fusarium wilt or root rot caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cepae is the most important soil-borne disease in garlic. This pathogen is a weak parasite so that it can be controlled through healthy plant cultivation approaches such as the use of organic compost fertilizer and soil microbes as biological control agents. Gliocladium sp. is an antagonist fungus that can be used as a soil borne disease control agent. This study reports the effectiveness of compost plus Gliocladium to control garlic root rot in endemic land. The experiment was carried out in Tawangmangu Karanganyar at an altitude of about 1000 meters above sea level. The results showed that compost plus Gliocladium produced higher effectiveness than compost alone or Gliocladium alone. The effectiveness of compost plus Gliocladium was more effective in suppressing fusarium wilt compared to farmers using fungicides and artificial chemical fertilizers.